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Primary Sources:

Wagner, Robert F. “The Duvalier Regime The Harvard Crimson. June 3, 1963

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Department of State, Central Files, 611.38/9-1861. Secret. Drafted by Abbuhl, cleared by ICAS/PINR/RAR. Sent to Acting Secretary Bowles under cover of a September 18 memorandum from Woodward

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[NA], Correspondence from the Haitian President François Duvalier to the US President, Dwight Eisenhower, Port-au-Prince, February 23, 1960.

NA], Correspondence from the US President Dwight Eisenhower to Haitian President François Duvalier, Washington, March 15, 1960.

[NA] Foreign Service Despatch, “Reaction to President Duvalier’s Jacmel Speech,” Despatch No. 486, June 29, 1960; No. 6, July 6, 1960; CERP Section D, Item II-B-1; and No. 14, July 14, 1960;

State Department Telegrams 458 and 460 from Port-au-Prince, December 12, 1963

Telegram 720 to Port-au-Prince, December 19, 1963













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