Sources

Angulo, A. J. (2010) “Education during the American occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934.” Historical Studies in Education, Vol. 22 (2).

Arthus, Wien Warthus, “The Omnipresence of Communism in the US-Haitian Relations Under Eisenhower and Duvalier.” George Washington University.edu   https://www2.gwu.edu/~ieresgwu/assets/docs/Arthus_cwc.pdf

Azrael, Jeremy R. “Conference proceeding US and Russian policy making with respect to the use of force, chapter 8, The Caribbean Basin” RAND Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies Center for Ethnopolitical and Regional Research.  https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/conf_proceedings/2007/CF129.pdf

Baptiste, Nathalie. “Terror, Repression, and Diaspora.” The Nation. October 22 2014,  https://www.thenation.com/article/terror-repression-and-diaspora-baby-doc-legacy-haiti

Coupear, Steve. The History of Haiti.  (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008)

Dailey, Peter. “The Fall of the House of Aristide.” The New York Review. http://www.nybooks.com/articles/2003/03/13/haiti-the-fall-of-the-house-of-aristide/

Danticat, E.  “The long legacy of occupation in Haiti.” New York City: The New Yorker. (July 28, 2015).  http://www.newyorker.com/news/news‐desk/hait i‐us‐occupation‐hundred‐year‐anniversary

Diamond, Jared, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, (Viking Press, 2005)

Farmer, Paul, “Who Removed Aristide?” London Review of Books, April 15, 2004  https://www.lrb.co.uk/v26/n08/paul-farmer/who-removed-aristide

Kenney, Jacob, “The Legacy of the US Occupation of Haiti,” Carleton University. March 31, 2016. https://makinghistorymatter.ca/2016/03/31/legacy-of-the-u-s-occupation-of-haiti/

Kretchik, Walter et al, “A Concise History of the US Army in Operation Uphold Democracy,” (Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: US Army Command and General Staff College Press, 1998)

Loewenstein, Anthony. “How the US Continues to Manipulate Haiti.” anthony loewenstein blog. September 30, 2015. http://antonyloewenstein.com/2015/09/30/how-the-us-continues-to-manipulate-haiti/

Maus, D. K. (2015, July 2008) “One hundred years of American occupation in Haiti.” Antillean Media Group. Retrieved October 16, 2015, from http://www.antillean.org/american‐occupat ion‐in‐haiti‐100

McCarthy, Rose, Dictatorship: A Primary Source Analysis. (The Rosen Publishing Company, 2005) https://books.google.com/books/about/Dictatorship.html?id=eVh7M0zRajQC

O’Shaughnessy, Hugh, “Jean-Claude Duvalier: Brutal Haitian Dictator Who Ruled the Country for 15 Years.” The Independent, October 5, 2014.  http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/jean-claude-duvalier-former-president-of-haiti-who-brutalised-his-opponents-and-was-prevented-from-9776019.html

Sepinwal, Alyssa Goldstein. Haitian History: New Perspectives. (Routledge, 2012)

Sprague, Jeb. “Paramilitarism and the Assault on Democracy in Haiti,” (NYU Press, 2012) https://books.google.com/books?id=MN8VCgAAQBAJ&dq=leopard+counterinsurgency+force+in+haiti&q=cia#v=onepage&q=namphy&f=false

Walter, Sheryl P.  “Declassified/Released US Department of State EO Systematic Review 20.” Wiki Leaks. Mar 2014.  https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/1979PORTA05048_e.html

Primary Sources:

Wagner, Robert F. “The Duvalier Regime The Harvard Crimson. June 3, 1963

US State Department Telegrams, 1963.

Department of State, Central Files, 611.38/9-1861. Secret. Drafted by Abbuhl, cleared by ICAS/PINR/RAR. Sent to Acting Secretary Bowles under cover of a September 18 memorandum from Woodward

Director of Central Intelligence, “Soviet Policies and Activities in Latin America and the Caribbean,” CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/19820625.pdf

The Office of the Historian, US department of state. “The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962.” https://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/cuban-missile-crisis

US Department of State, “Reagan Doctrine, 1985.” https://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/rd/17741.htm

“The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project,”  George Washington University.edu  https://www2.gwu.edu/~erpapers/teachinger/glossary/cold-war.cfm

[NA], Correspondence from the Haitian President François Duvalier to the US President, Dwight Eisenhower, Port-au-Prince, February 23, 1960.

NA], Correspondence from the US President Dwight Eisenhower to Haitian President François Duvalier, Washington, March 15, 1960.

[NA] Foreign Service Despatch, “Reaction to President Duvalier’s Jacmel Speech,” Despatch No. 486, June 29, 1960; No. 6, July 6, 1960; CERP Section D, Item II-B-1; and No. 14, July 14, 1960;

State Department Telegrams 458 and 460 from Port-au-Prince, December 12, 1963

Telegram 720 to Port-au-Prince, December 19, 1963

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s